Microsoft testing new Windows 10 Mobile cumulative patch 10586.122 internally

If you thought Windows 10 Mobile was done with cumulative patches, it appears you were mistaken. Microsoft is now testing a new cumulative update for Windows 10 Mobile internally, and if all goes well, could release the update for Insiders sometime next week. The build in question is 10586.122, and includes bug fixes and other improvements.

Like most cumulative patches, this update will not introduce any new features as Windows 10 Mobile is almost ready for release at this point. This update is again only for under-the-hood fixes and improvements to areas such as performance and migration. WinBeta can confirm that a bug affecting the swiping functionality on the keyboard in Microsoft Edge has been fixed, something many Insiders have submitted feedback about over the last few months.

screens122 Microsoft testing new Windows 10 Mobile cumulative patch 10586.122 internally


As mentioned above, this patch could be released to Insiders as soon as next week, that’s assuming the company doesn’t compile and begin testing a newer patch before then. With Microsoft finally getting round to fixing some of the more user-facing bugs in Windows 10 Mobile, it’s hard to assume the company isn’t close to releasing Windows 10 Mobile at this point.

Siri for Mac release date rumours: Siri coming to Mac OS X 10.12 at WWDC in June 2016. PLUS: How to get Siri on Mac now

Siri, Apple’s voice-activated personal assistant feature, has been expected to make an appearance in OS X for some time. There were even strong rumours that Apple was set to add Siri to OS X Mavericks, but that never materialised.

Siri came to the iPhone 4s in 2011, to the iPad 3 and iPod touch in 2012, and to the Apple Watch and Apple TV in 2015. And now it’s starting to look like it might complete the set with a Mac launch in 2016. In this article we examine the rumours surrounding Siri on the Mac, and consider when the feature will launch and the way it will look and how it will behave.


Siri for Mac launch date rumours

When will Siri arrive on the Mac? It’s most likely that Siri would arrive on the Mac as part of a major OS X update – so that would make it more likely that the tool would be unveiled at a WWDC event in summer and then become available for the public when the update is released in the autumn.

Siri for Mac launch date rumours: Siri to be unveiled with OS X 10.12 at WWDC 2016

9to5Mac is quoting “sources” who predict that Siri will finally come to the Mac as part of the Mac OS X 10.12 update, to be revealed at WWDC in June 2016 and launched in the autumn.

Whereas Siri on the iPhone and iPad is activated by holding down the Home button, and on the Apple Watch and Apple TV by holding down the Digital Crown and Siri button on the remove respectively, Siri on the Mac will – according to the site’s sources – be controlled via an icon located in the menu bar at the top of the screen.

We suspect, however, that Hey Siri will be a more popular method of switching on voice control, although MacBooks running on battery power apparently won’t be able to use feature. You’ll also be able to set a keyboard shortcut, and we wouldn’t be surprised if Apple develops its own line of Mac keyboards with a dedicated Siri key some way down the line.

The interface for Siri on the Mac is still in testing, but sources report that the most recent version involved a dark semi-transparent overlay that takes up only the top-right corner of the screen. (Even on iPad Pro, Siri gets a full-screen interface.)

Siri for Mac launch date rumours: Why isn’t Siri on the Mac yet?

There are a number of reasons that might explain why Apple hasn’t yet implemented Siri on the Mac. Perhaps there are patents that make doing so difficult, or perhaps translating Siri as used on the iPhone to Siri for Mac is more difficult than anticipated. Or maybe it just isn’t a popular enough service to warrant it.

Most crucially, Siri isn’t as necessary on the Mac as it is on the iPhone. The latter device has a limited keyboard for interacting with it, while it is much easier to access information on the Mac. We sit further away from our Macs too, which is one reason why Siri on the Mac might struggle to carry out your orders.

And does it matter whether Siri is any good if a lot of people still don’t like using voice commands to activate their phones? Most of the people we know only use Siri to set alarms and timers on their iPhones – although it can certainly come in useful when driving.

If people aren’t using Siri on their phones then why would they use Siri on their Macs in a busy office? Who wants to be the mad person in the corner talking to their Mac?

Do you use Siri? Would you use it on a Mac? Tell us in the poll below.


Siri for Mac interface and features

It’s looking likely that Siri will come to the Mac in the near future. But what that look like? How would Siri on Mac differ from Siri on iOS devices or the Apple TV?

Some clues to the features, design and interface details of Siri for Mac can be found in Apple’s patent activity over recent years.

Siri for Mac interface and features: Patent activity

Back in 2013 the 92-page patent application titled “Intelligent Digital Assistant in a Desktop Environment” suggested that Siri would enhance MacBook capabilities. In the patent application Apple suggested that: “The integration of an at least partially voice-controlled intelligent digital assistant into a desktop, laptop, and/or tablet computer environment provides additional capabilities to the digital assistant, and enhances the usability and capabilities of the desktop, laptop, and/or tablet computer.” You can read the patent application here.

At the time the patent appeared it was thought that the patent application indicated that Siri was making the move from Apple’s mobile platform iOS to OS X Yosemite, and yet both Yosemite and El Capitan have now launched without Siri implementation beyond the enhanced Dictation features that arrived with Yosemite.

In another, more recent patent, mentioned here (although we can’t find anything to back it up) Apple is said to describe a way of using a wired connection to enable devices such as the MacBook Pro and even the iPod to gain Siri’s voice activation capabilities.

For more on Siri, take a look at our Complete guide to Siri: ‘Hey Siri!’ and all the other Siri features

Siri for Mac interface and features: What will Siri on the Mac be able to do?

The original patent application referred to above explains that most desktop, laptop, and tablet computer operating systems “support more complex and sophisticated interactions and functionalities than many small mobile devices”.

Apple highlights some of the difficulties with multitasking and suggests that Siri could become a “third hand”. The patent application notes that a user is limited to interacting only with the foremost window, as a solution it suggests using the digital assistant to perform the secondary task, perhaps a web search, while the user continues to focus on the task at hand.

Siri for Mac interface and features: How will Siri on the Mac work?

According to the patent, Siri could be activated via a trackpad gesture and once activated it will listen out for your commands.

The patent application also suggests that Siri on the Mac won’t only be reliant on speech commands, but the commands will be taken contextually. For example, a “focus selector” (mouse cursor) would help to apply context to the command (for example, if you want to paste text into a document you would place the mouse pointer where you wanted the text to appear).

In an example illustrated in the patent application is a selection of files and the command: “Sort these by date and merge into a new document.”

The arrival of natural language search in OS X El Capitan also hints that Siri might eventually arrive on the Mac. Now that users can search Spotlight for “photos added last week” or “emails about Croydon”, it is surely only a matter of time before such searches can be voice activated.

Siri for Mac interface and features: Will Siri on the Mac be any good?

Siri launched on iOS in October 2011, with iOS 5. However, Siri was in ‘beta’ for about two years following launch, finally being promoted our of beta with iOS 7 in September 2013.

Unfortunately, Siri for iOS had already disappointed many including Apple’s co-founder Steve Wozniak who described Siri as “Poo-Poo” back in 2012. At the time he blamed Apple for Siri’s inadequacies, suggesting that before the company bought it Siri was pretty decent, but since acquiring the service Apple had let it go down hill.

Woz’s comments were many years ago now, though, and Siri has improved somewhat since then. But at the same time other virtual assistants have come on to the market ramping up the competition.

Joining the competition is the team that created Siri before it was bought by Apple, after leaving the company they started working at a new start up called Viv Labs on the “next-generation virtual assistant”. This VA (virtual assistant) is said to be able to understand complex sentences that would have Siri stumped.

Siri for Mac interface and features: Siri and the connected home

Another area where Siri may be more successful is as the control centre of your home. It is thought that Siri will take a place at the centre of Apple’s connected home. However, it is thought that this implementation will come via the new Apple TV.

Another example illustrated by Apple’s patent filing shows a user asking to view a movie on a different screen, which could be a second screen or a TV that is plugged into – this hints at Apple’s plans for the connected home using its new HomeKit framework.

Siri for Mac interface and features: Working with iOS

Siri on the Mac may also act in conjunction with iOS, as part of Apple’s aim for betterContinuity between the two platforms. The “Intelligent Digital Assistant in a Desktop Environment” patent states that the Mac version of the digital assistant could be “invoked to cooperate with the user to complete a task that the user has already started on a user device”.

This sounds a bit like Handoff, a feature that arrived in 2014 with iOS 8 and Yosemite, that allows you to start an email on your iPhone and then finish it on your Mac, for example.

Back in August 2014, AppleInsider noted that Siri for Mac would have an identical backend off-site server to Siri for iOS.

How to get Siri on the Mac now

If you’re running OS X 10.8 or later, it is possible to hear the Siri voice on your Mac. But it’s not really Siri as we know Siri on the iPhone. You can get your Mac to dictate text to you and you can dictate text to your Mac and get it to transcribe it. But there is none of the artificial intelligence associated with Siri in iOS.

To get the voice of Siri to read to you, turn on Text to Speech in System Preferences > Dictation & Speech. By clicking on Text to Speech you will be making it possible for your Mac to read the words on your screen. Daniel is the male voice of Siri in the UK, Samantha is the voice Siri uses in the US. There are lots of other voices to choose from – they will need to be downloaded from Apple’s servers.

By turning on Dictation in the Dictation & Speech tab you can get you Mac to transcribe what you say to it. Pick your language and your shortcut to start up dictation.

Using Dictation features on your Mac could allow you to dictate a Spotlight search phrase, but your Mac wouldn’t read the answer back to you as Siri would.

There used to be more functionality in earlier versions of OS X – prior to Yosemite. In these earlier versions of OS X, Speech had some Siri-like functionality, you could highlight text and say “Make this into a sticky note”; or you could speak the name of a menu, and then the name of an option within that menu to access it; you could say “Set an alarm for 3 minutes”; you could schedule meetings; and more. However, these features have disappeared in later versions of OS X.

There are some Dictation commands available in the Accessibility portion of System Preferences. But these are more for navigating around a document, “replace xxx with yyy” or “undo that” or “scroll up”.

If you want to get something like the Siri experience on your Mac, you can Enable advanced commands in this window. This allows you to choose a phrase, assign it to an application and choose what action the Mac should perform. For example, you could choose a phrase that if you spoke it then Apple would unmounts a USB drive.

Here you can also set up a dictation keyword phrase, which could be Hey Siri if you wanted.

If you want to see what was possible prior to Yosemite, there’s a video over on

Alternatives to Siri on the Mac

There may be no Siri on the Mac, but you can use Cortana. However, you will only be able to run it in Windows via Parallels 11.

When running Windows 10 in Parallels Desktop 11 for Mac you can call on Cortana to “Open Safari”, “Open Pages” or any Mac OS X app. You can also request real-time location data, as well as tell Cortana to open Windows apps (whether you are in Window mode or Coherence mode where Windows in invisible).


[Source:- Macworld]

GitLab 8.5 pours on the speed

GitLab 8.5 pours on the speed

GitLab this week upgraded its code-hosting platform, emphasizing performance and adding to-do list and remote replica capabilities.

GitLab 8.5 is lot faster, said Job van der Voort, GitLab vice president of product at the company, in a posting about the upgrade. “Average mean performance is up at least 1.4 times, up to 1.6 times for 99th percentile response times. For slower pages, the response time has been improved way beyond this.”

The new version features Todos, a chronological list of to-dos. “Whenever you’re assigned to an issue or merge request or have someone mention you, a new to-do is created automatically,” said van der Voort. GitLab 8.5 Enterprise, meanwhile, features an alpha version of Geo, providing for a remote replica of a Geo instance. Geo makes it quicker to work with large repositories over large distances, and this instance can be used for cloning and fetching projects as well as for reading data.

The GitLab Pages feature for hosting a static website under a separate domain name now backs TLS (Transport Layer Security) certificates and custom domains, and users can upload their own certificates. “The new functionality of GitLab Pages was made possible with the help of a new HTTP server written in Go,” van der Voort said. “We call it the GitLab Pages daemon GitLab Pages daemon, and it supports dynamic certificates through SNI and exposes pages using HTTP2 by default.”

GitLab is vying against juggernaut code-sharing site GitHub in the Git repository market. The latest upgrade follows the release of Gitlab 8.4, the 50th release of the platform, by about a month.


[Source:- Javaworld]

Latest Windows 10 Redstone builds finally start seeing UI improvements

Internal Windows 10 Redstone builds are finally starting to see a number of new user-interface improvements and changes across the operating system for both desktop and phone, after months of working on nothing but under-the-hood stuff. Insiders will be glad to hear that upcoming Insider builds have improved animations when resizing live tiles as well as improvements to the lock screen and login UI.

Microsoft recently began flighting its first UI changes in internal builds this past week, with live tiles that now fade in and out when resizing as well as improvements to how the lock screen and login UI transition between each other. It is expected that these changes will be available in the next Insider drop, which could drop this week or next week.

TileAnimationGif Latest Windows 10 Redstone builds finally start seeing UI improvements

Although not much, these are the first real user-interface changes present in Redstone, and should help make the user-experience more streamlined when doing simple things. Right now, resizing live tiles on the Start Screen is a somewhat clunky experience, so adding an additional animation that helps make the experience seem smoother will be a nice touch.

What other user-interface changes are you hoping to see in Redstone?


[Source:- Winbeta]

Making GET_LOCK behavior more predictable cross version with query rewrite

MySQL has supported the GET_LOCK() function for a large part of its history. As the manual notes, GET_LOCK() can be used to implement application locks or to simulate record locks.

Changes in MySQL 5.7

In MySQL 5.7 we improved GET_LOCK() to be based on our internal meta-data locking system (MDL). This allowed us to lift the restriction that each subsequent call to GET_LOCK()would release all previous locks.

However, there is a chance that some applications depended on the previous behaviour of locks being released. For this subset of users, it is not always easy to inspect an application to see when this behaviour is required. This creates challenges in upgrading:

MySQL 5.6 Behavior

MySQL 5.7 Behavior

An additional incompatibility between the previous behaviour and new, is that lock names are now restricted to 64 characters in length.

Creating an upgrade path

The easiest way to be able to upgrade, is to make MySQL 5.7 behave more like MySQL 5.6 (at least initially). For new functionality, or over time as code has been inspected, the MySQL 5.7 behavior can be slowly introduced.

Using version-specific syntax it is possible to modify application code to use an implementation of GET_LOCK() that does exactly this:

(The /*!50700 means “only run this code in 5.7+”)

The second behavior change can be overcome by running the lock name through a hashing function. For example:

Previous Usage Backwards Compatible Usage
GET_LOCK(‘abc’, 10) GET_LOCK(sha1(‘abc’), 10)
RELEASE_LOCK(‘abc’) RELEASE_LOCK(sha1(‘abc’))
IS_FREE_LOCK(‘abc’) IS_FREE_LOCK(sha1(‘abc’))
IS_USED_LOCK(‘abc’) IS_USED_LOCK(sha1(‘abc’))

To combine both, the usage for GET_LOCK() would become:

Using Query Rewrite

MySQL 5.7 also supports a feature called Query rewrite (manual). With this feature it is possible to also make legacy application preserve the old get_lock behavior without needing to make any code changes. Here is a very simple example:

With this query rewrite rule installed I can repeat the original test-case as in MySQL 5.6. I have enabled warnings to be printed to assist in readability of when rewrites are happening:


I expect that this behavior change will affect only a small percentage of applications, as in most cases the previous behavior was not something that was useful to rely upon. None the less, it was a feature that had not changed in perhaps 10+ years, so it is good to be able to have a safe upgrade path.

[Source:- Mysqlserverteam]

MySQL creator says 14,000 against Oracle-Sun deal

Michael Widenius, the creator of the MySQL database and a vocal opponent of Oracle Corp’s USD 7 billion takeover of Sun Microsystems Inc, has handed 14,000 signatures opposing the deal to regulators in Europe, China and Russia. Widenius, one of the most respected developers of open-source software, left Sun last year to set up database firm Monty Program Ab, which competes directly with MySQL. The European Commission initially objected to Oracle’s acquisition of Sun, saying it was concerned Oracle’s takeover of the MySQL database could hurt competition in that market. But the Commission signaled in mid-December that it would likely clear the deal after some of Oracle’s largest customers said they believed the takeover would not hurt competition. Since then, Oracle has said it expects to win unconditional EU clearance to close the deal by the end of January. Widenius, who delivered the signatures on Monday, said he would continue to gather signatures until the commission makes a final ruling, which is due by Jan. 27. “Our signatories don’t have faith that Oracle could be a good steward of MySQL,” Widenius said in a statement. Still, Beau Buffier, a partner in the anti-trust practice of law firm Shearman & Sterling, said signature drives carry little weight with the commission. He said regulators generally want each person who weighs in on pending cases to provide specifics on how an acquisition might affect their particular business. “What you would need is detailed statements from significant developers,” he said. More than 5,000 signatures are from self-employed developers and more than 3,000 from employees of companies and other organizations using MySQL, according to Widenius. He did not disclose the names of the people who signed the petition. The signatures were gathered during the first week of the campaign and were delivered to the European Commission and other European institutions, including the European Parliament and the competition authorities of the 27 member states, as well as to the Chinese Ministry of Commerce and the Russian Federal Antimonopoly Service. Officials with Oracle, the world’s No. 3 software maker, and Sun, the No. 4 server maker, declined comment. The acquisition will transform Oracle from a maker of software into a technology powerhouse that sells computers and storage equipment preloaded with its programs. Oracle Chief Executive Larry Ellison is betting the combination will give his company an edge over rivals such as IBM Corp, Hewlett-Packard Co, Microsoft Corp and EMC Corp. Sun bought MySQL for USD 1 billion in 2008.

[Source:- Moneycontrol]

Apple recruits secure messaging app developer for summer internship

Developer behind encrypted app Signal working on Apple’s CoreOS Security team

[Source:- Macnn]

Digital transformation and smart city will drive APeJ IT services demand in 2016: IDC

IDC Asia/Pacific expects APeJ IT Services to be resilient – posting a 6.5% value growth year-on-year (YoY) (in US dollar) in 2016. The IT services market faced difficulties this year due to the depreciation of Asian currencies against the US dollar and the slowdown in China economy. Despite this, IDC believes APeJ IT services will remain positive next year with digital transformation and smart city initiatives driving demand for IT services.

Representational image: Reuters

Representational image: Reuters

“Demand is primarily being driven by digital transformation initiatives across verticals, particularly banking, retail and public sectors. Enterprises are increasingly leveraging 3rd platform technologies to build a cohesive digital agenda that focuses on achieving business outcomes. Smart City initiatives in countries such as China, India and Singapore have also fueled the demand for cloud, analytics, mobility and security solutions”, said Vidhika Sehgal , Senior Research Manager, Services, and IDC Asia/Pacific.

China, which has the largest IT services spend in APeJ, is expected to close the year with 9.4% YOY value growth in US dollar. Though historically known to have double digit growth, current estimates of 9.4% is still one of the highest growth markets in the region. In 2015, China saw the continued struggle of foreign players in the domestic market due to regulatory policies while local vendors witnessed a tapering in growth due to slower domestic demand.

“While exchange rate volatility can have a large impact on US dollar growth forecast in 2016, it is expected that growth in local currency will pick up in markets such as India and ASEAN, which should also contribute to an overall revival in APeJ IT services growth” adds Sehgal.

Within IT services segments, the market is being driven by growth in IT consulting, systems integration and hosting infrastructure service, mainly because of an increased migration to cloud. These three segments together contribute nearly 30% to APeJ IT services market. Consulting and integration services are in demand as companies look for third party services for identifying and implementing 3rd platform solutions to migrate legacy systems and also complement the existing IT architecture and contribute to business outcomes.

Growth in traditional outsourcing services continue to be adversely impacted by the shift to cloud, especially as deal size, duration and structure moves in favor of a more hybrid IT environment.

[Source:- Firstpost]

Apple releases public betas for iOS 9.3 and OS X 10.11.4

Every Apple operating system has a new developer beta available now, and iOS and OS X have new public betas out too.

apple beta software ios osx
It’s a field day for beta testers, as Apple has released new developer betas for all of its operating systems—iOS 9.3, OS X 10.11.4, watchOS2.2, and tvOS 9.2. Participants in the public betas can get their hands on the betas for iOS and OS X.

If you’re enrolled in the developer program, hit up the Developer Center. If you’re not a registered developer, but still want to test drive these new beta features, you can sign up for the Public Beta program. The public betas for iOS and OS X usually trail the developer beta releases by a few days. UPDATE February 23, 11:40 a.m. Pacific: iOS 9.3 and OS X 10.11.4 are now in public beta.

According to 9to5Mac, the official versions of iOS 9.3 and OS X 10.11.14 are expected to launch around Apple’s March 15th event. Here’s a breakdown of all the new feature we got.

iOS 9.3 beta 4

The all-new, system-wide Night Shift mode will automatically adjust the display colors on your iPhone, iPad, or iPod touch. Once the mode is enabled, the colors will shift “to the warmer end of the spectrum” starting at sunset and revert back to normal in the morning. The main reason is get rid of the stark bright blue light that makes it difficult to go sleep at night.

Other features in iOS 9.3 include setting a password or Touch ID to open the Notes app, and you can also set individual notes to be password-protected. ForiPhone 6s and 6s Plus users, iOS 9.3 adds 3D Touch support for a few moreApple apps, including Settings. Deep press on the Settings app icon to launch a Quick Action shortcut to tinker with Battery, Bluetooth, and Wi-Fi. And finally, iOS 9.3 supports Wi-Fi Calling for Verizon customers, following AT&T and T-Mobile.

In addition, iOS 9.3 also brings landscape support in the News app, HealthKit-enabled app suggestions in the Health app, PDF-syncing via iCloud for iBooks, better Apple Music and Maps integrations in CarPlay, as well as a few new education features for managing shared iPads in a classroom setting.

OS X 10.11.14 beta 4

This beta version of OS X El Capitan comes with support of Live Photos, the moving images that can be taken with the new iPhone 6s and 6s Plus. Prior to OS X 10.11.14, you could only view Live Photos on the Mac via the Photos app, and sharing was limited to iCloud Photo Sharing. In this developer beta, you can now view and send Live Photos via the Messages app on your Mac.

Just like in iOS 9.3, OS X 10.11.4 also brings support for making the Notes app password-protected. And you will also be able to import data from other note-taking apps, including Evernote. The official OS X 10.11.14 update will also be accompanied by a new version of iTunes.

watchOS 2.2 developer beta 4

This software update for Apple Watch gives the Maps app new features. With watchOS 2.2, you can launch the Maps app and have it instantly navigate to your given destination. You can also tap to find businesses with a “Nearby” feature powered by Yelp.

Once your iPhone gets updated to iOS 9.3, you will be able to pair multiple AppleWatches. This watchOS update will be able to recognize which Watch is active at any given time and switch between the different devices.

tvOS 9.2 developer beta 4

The software update for the fourth-generation Apple TV incorporates elements of iOS. With tvOS 9.2, you will be able to organize your apps into folders and switch between apps via a redesigned app switcher.

You will also be able to talk to the Siri Remote to dictate into text fields to search for content or even spell out your usernames and passwords. Other features coming to along tvOS 9.2 include support for iCloud Photo Library, Bluetoothkeyboards, and conference room mode.

[Source:- Macworld]

Apple enumerates cooperation with FBI in San Bernadino iPhone 5c case

In a court filing made yesterday, Apple’s head of the global privacy and law enforcement compliance team, spelled out Apple’s responses to the myriad subpoenas that the company received to collect data on the San Bernadino shooters. Manager Lisa Olle declared that in many cases, including just days after the incident, that Apple not only collected multiple data requests from the FBI, but in many cases, acted upon the request and provided compelled data on the same day that the court order arrived in Cupertino.

Olle laid out in the timetable that after an initial phone call early December 5, Apple was served four times for data. The initial request was made on December 5 for three names and nine accounts. December 6 saw requests for three accounts, with same day service. On December 16, the FBI sought information on one name and seven accounts, and Apple delivered that day as well.

The search warrant for the suspect’s iCloud device was served on Friday, January 22, a month and a half after the shooting. All of the information in Apple’s posession was handed over on Tuesday, January 26. The Ex Parte application for Apple to develop the break-in tool for the county-owned iPhone 5c at the center of the case was served on February 16.

Olle, as manager of the law enforcement coordination team, also spelled out what she believes is required of Apple to conform to the application. Above and beyond the engineering effort needed to code the break-in tool, the department head is calling for one or two facilities similar to a US government “Sensitive Compartmented Information Facility,” which would need to be “tightly controlled and monitored around the clock.” Also noted is the difficulty of communicating data, device accountability, and the need for “technical escalations” when dealing with law enforcement officials.

Laying down the groundwork for an “undue burden” defense, Olle also notes that she is expecting more law enforcement agencies to also request the use of the tool the FBI is demanding and Apple “would need to hire people whose sole function would be to assist with processing and effectuating such orders.” These new hires “would have no other necessary business or operations function at Apple” and would include paralegals, engineers, and forensic specialists dedicated to trial work.

[Source:- Macnn]