Trump May Seek Solution on Climate Change, Macron Tells JDD

Image result for Trump May Seek Solution on Climate Change, Macron Tells JDDFrench President Emmanuel Macron, who welcomed Donald Trump to Paris two days ago to participate in Bastille Day celebrations, said the U.S. president may seek a solution over the next months for the fight against global warming.

“We’ve spoken in detail on what may allow him to return into the Paris accord,” Macron said in comments published Sunday in the newspaper Le Journal du Dimanche. “It’s important to maintain a dialogue” with the U.S. about its potential comeback in multilateral actions for climate, he said.

In June, Trump announced that the U.S. would withdraw from the 2015 Paris deal and earlier this month Washington was the only member of the Group of 20 nations that didn’t agree that the accord on cutting harmful emissions was “irreversible.” Trump softened his position at a press conference on Thursday with Macron, saying, “something could happen with respect to the Paris accord. We’ll see what happens. We’ll talk about that over the coming period of time. If it happens, that’ll be wonderful, and if it doesn’t, that’ll be OK too.”

Macron and Trump will speak soon about the fight against Islamic State in Syria and Iraq, the newspaper reported. Mentioning his relationship with Russian President Vladimir Putin, Macron told the outlet that removing Syrian President Bashar Al-Assad wasn’t a “prerequisite” any longer but use of chemical weapons and restricting humanitarian access to civilians were “red lines.” Macron added that France and Russia were making progress on these two topics.

France and Russia are also working on a “protocol” to avoid a repeat of hacking of computer systems, Macron said. Macron met Putin in Versailles on May 29.

[“Source-bloomberg”]

Google Play Music New Release Radio Will Suggest New Music Based on Your Tastes

Google Play Music New Release Radio Will Suggest New Music Based on Your Tastes

Google is rolling out a new feature to the Google Play Music service, called New Release Radio, that offers a personalised mix of newly released songs based on your taste. The feature was first discovered last month when some Samsung Galaxy S8 users reported seeing the new station, but Google has now confirmed that the feature is rolling out for all Google Play Music customers. You can find New Release Radio throughout Google Play Music or by typing “New Release Radio” in the search bar.

The New Release Radio station “uses machine learning to select singles and album releases from the past two weeks based on your listening history and musical preferences,” Google says in its blog post. This sounds similar to a feature recently launched for Apple Music, called My Chill Mix, which suggests a playlist of songs based on your listening habit, but is actually closer to Apple Music’s My New Music playlist.

Back in April, Google joined hands with Samsung that would make Google Play Music the default music player and streaming service on Samsung mobiles and tablets. As part of that partnership, the Internet search giant was able to get feedback on New Release Radio from Samsung users through an early access programme, and so far the responses have been positive, Google says.

In a bid to challenge rival Apple Music, Google in May extended its 90-day free trial of Google Play Music to 120 days, or four months, for new subscribers. It also launched Google Play Music All Accessback in April, that gives access to millions of songs similar to Spotify and Apple Music, at an introductory offer of Rs. 89 per month post a 30-day free trial.

[“source-gadgets.ndtv”]

Team MySQL v Team PostgreSQL: These companies are betting on them

databases

© Shutterstock / Nivens

There’s no one-size-fits-all solution when it comes to choosing databases. Every database is suitable for certain projects and requirements but the fight seems to be between MySQL and PostgreSQL — these are the databases used by giants such as GitHub, Reddit, Airbnb, Spotify and more. Which team are you on?

Top databases in 2017

Will this article simply your database decision? Sadly, no — it’s entirely up to you. However, if you want to know which databases are gaining momentum this year, you should know that the answer lies in our annual JAXenter survey.

Survey respondents have decided: PostgreSQL is the winner. 25,3 percent found it “very interesting” and 37,7 percent found it “interesting”. In total, PostgreSQL managed to get 63 percent of the respondents excited about the prospect of using it this year.

The runner-up is Elasticsearch with a total of 59 percent. It seems that the student has become the master; although Elasticsearch is based on Lucene, the latter didn’t manage to convince as many respondents to give it a try in 2017. The combination Lucene/Solr only grabbed the attention of 43,8 percent of the respondents — it’s definitely a high score but not necessarily compared to Elasticsearch’s result.

A similar shift can be seen in the case of data processing Apache Spark and Hadoop. Survey respondents’ interest in Hadoop (34,8 percent) stands no chance against people’s interest in Apache Spark (53,3 percent).

It appears that we have a lot of “drama” in this part of the evaluation. In addition to a couple of cases of “student surpasses master”, we also have a small “fight” between a few NoSQL databases: MongoDBCassandraRedisNeo4J. In-memory data grid Hazelcast has managed to outshine both CouchDB and the classic: OracleMicrosoft SQL Server seems to be the outcast this year.

JAXenter technology trends survey results

One thing is clear: data storage and processing are once again in the public eye. Today, the endless possibilities one has with data storage and processing are becoming not only necessary but also “fashionable” (a.k.a. in great demand). Case in point: some of the greatest companies are betting on databases such as MySQL or PostgreSQL. Let’s see who’s on team MySQL and who’s on team PostgreSQL.

SEE ALSO: 4 best open source databases you should consider using for your next project

Team MySQL

We used StackShare, a software discovery platform that allows developers to find and use software tools to look at the software stacks of some of the world’s most popular companies. You can have a look for yourself if you want to see what tools and services your favorite startup is using.

GitHub (see stack here)

Airbnb (see stack here). They also give Hadoop some love.

Yelp (see stack here). They also give Hadoop some love.

Coursera (see stack here). They also give Cassandra some love.

Ask.fm (see stack here)

9GAG (see stack here). They also give Hadoop and Memcached some love.

Trivago (see stack here).They also give Hadoop and Memcached some love.

Freelancer.com (see stack here)

Team PostgreSQL

Reddit (see stack here).They also give Cassandra and Memcached some love.

Spotify (see stack here).They also give Cassandra and Hadoop some love.

Zalando (see stack here).They also give Cassandra and Hadoop some love.

DuckDuckGo (see stack here)

Travis CI (see stack here)

Which team are you on? Tell us in the comments section.

2017 vs 2016: What changed?

Back to our survey for a second. Although there aren’t any massive changes between the databases readers prefer this year vs. the ones they preferred in 2016,  it’s worth mentioning that Redis has gathered more points this year than it did in 2016 (34 percent last year and 43.2 percent in 2017) while MongoDB experienced the opposite change: it lost some points in the meantime (60 percent in 2016 and 49.8 percent this year).

JAXenter annual survey: 2017 v 2016

The million-dollar question is: What’s going to happen next year in the land of databases? Thoughts?

How to Create WordPress MySQL Databases on cPanel

Filing room

This article is part of a series created in partnership with SiteGround. Thank you for supporting the partners who make SitePoint possible.

WordPress’ success owes much to its quick and simple five-minute installation procedure. Yet the MySQL database still causes confusion for many.

This tutorial describes how to create a database using cPanel, a popular platform management utility offered by many web hosts. We’ll also discuss how to use this database during a WordPress installation. The techniques can be used by any web application which requires MySQL.

Let’s start with the basics and terminology…

What is a Database?

A database is a collection of organized data. That’s it. WordPress stores all its page, post, category and user data in a database.

MySQL is a database management system (DBMS). It is software which allows you to create, update, read and delete data within a database. A single MySQL installation can manage any number of self-contained databases. You could have one for WordPress, another for Magento, and others for Drupal or whatever you need.

There are plenty of alternatives but MySQL became popular for several reasons:

  • it is free, open source software. It is now owned by Oracle but there are open MySQL-compatible options such as MariaDB.
  • it became synonymous with PHP – the web’s most-used language/runtime which powers WordPress. Both PHP and MySQL appeared in the mid-1990s when web development was in its infancy.
  • it adopts Structured Query Language (SQL) – a (fairly) standard language for creating data structures and data.
  • it is fast, simple to install and has many third-party development tools.

How do Applications Access a Database?

Applications such as WordPress access their data via a database connection. In the case of MySQL, WordPress’ PHP code can only establish a connection when it knows:

  • the address where MySQL is installed
  • the name of the database it needs to access
  • a user ID and password required to access that database

A database “user” account must be defined for WordPress use. It can have a very strong password and set appropriate database permissions.

How is Data Stored?

MySQL and other SQL databases store data in relational tables.

For example, you may have a set of article posts. Each post will have unique data, such as the title and body text. It will also have data used in other posts, such as the category and author details. Rather than repeat the same data again and again, we create separate tables:

  • an author table containing an ID, the author’s name and other details
  • category table containing an ID and the category name
  • post table containing the article title and body text. It would point to the author and category by referencing the associated ID number.

SQL databases implement safeguards to guarantee data integrity. You should not be able to reference an author ID which does not exist or delete a category used by one or more articles.

These table definitions and rules form a database schema. A set of SQL commands execute during WordPress installation to create this schema. Only then are the tables ready to store data.

How to Create a Database

Web hosts using cPanel provide a web address (such as https://site.com/cpanel), and a user ID and password to gain access. Keep these details safe. Do not confuse them with the database or WordPress user credentials!

If you’re looking for a host that supports cPanel, try SiteGround, our web host of choice. All plans support cPanel, and they’ve re-skinned the dashboard to organize everything in a more friendly way.

cPanel

You view may look a little different but locate the DATABASES section or enter “MySQL” in the search box.

Click the MySQL Database Wizard and follow the steps:

Step 1: Choose a Database Name

Your database requires a name:

create a database

The name may have a prefix applied, such as mysite_. Enter an appropriate name such as blog or wordpress and hit Next Step.

Step 2: Create a Database User

You must now define the MySQL user account which WordPress uses to access your database:

create database user

Note the user name may also have the same prefix applied (mysite_). In this screenshot, our user ID is mysite_blogDBuser.

cPanel will ensure you enter a strong password. The password can be complex; you will use it only once during WordPress installation. I recommend the random Password Generator:

password generator

Make sure you copy the user ID and password to a text file or another safe place before hitting Create User.

Step 3: Set the Database User Privileges

The user created above requires full access to the database during WordPress installation. It runs scripts to create tables and populate them with the initial data.

Check ALL PRIVLEGES then hit Next Step:

set database user privileges

cPanel will confirm creation of the MySQL database and user.

enter image description here

The MySQL Databases Panel

You can use the MySQL Databases panel instead of the wizard. It still allows you to create a database and user, but you then add that user to the database.

It also provides facilities to update, repair and delete databases and users.

How to Install WordPress

Your cPanel may provide WordPress and other application installers. It may not be necessary to follow the steps above because the script creates a database for you.

If manual installation is necessary or preferred, download WordPress and extract the files. You may be able to do this on your server via SSH but FTP/SFTP is also supported.

Open a browser and navigate to the domain/path where you copied WordPress, (i.e. http://mysite.com/). This starts the installation:

install WordPress

You must enter:

  • the MySQL Database Name created in step 1
  • the MySQL database Username created in step 2
  • the MySQL database user’s Password created in step 2
  • the Database Host. This is the address of the server where MySQL runs. It will often be localhost or 127.0.0.1 because MySQL is running on the same server where your site is hosted. Your host will advise you if this is different.

The Table Prefix adds a short string to the start of all table names. Change it when:

  1. You want to install many copies of WordPress which all point to the same database, and/or
  2. You want to make your installation a little more secure by making table names less obvious.

Hit Submit and WordPress will verify your credentials before continuing installation.

Create a WordPress User

WordPress prompts for the ID, password and email address of a WordPress administrator. This is someone responsible for managing WordPress. It is different to the MySQL database and cPanel credentials!

enter image description here

Hit Install WordPress and the dashboard will appear within a few seconds.

Bonus Security Step

We granted full permission to the database user for WordPress installation. You can downgrade these privileges after installation to improve security.

The following rights should be adequate:

  • SELECT
  • INSERT
  • UPDATE
  • DELETE
  • ALTER
  • CREATE TABLE
  • DROP TABLE
  • INDEX

Some plug-ins may need extra rights so enable ALL PRIVILEGES if you encounter problems.

[“Source-sitepoint”]

Google’s new Android app makes it easy to save mobile data on the go

Google’s new Android app makes it easy to save mobile data on the go

The good folks at Android Police have spotted a new app from Google called Triangle; it lets you control which other apps can use your mobile data. It’s a handy little tool if you’re stuck on a crappy plan or are low on credits abroad.

Just fire up Triangle, grant it the necessary permissions (including one that allows it to set up a VPN), and you can then monitor data usage, and restrict apps from consuming mobile data – even if you’ve 2G/3G/4G data turned on.

That’s useful for times when you might forget that you’re on limited data, and happen to launch a data-hungry app just to kill time (Reddit clients have swallowed up my entire allowance a few times). It’s also great for preventing apps from consuming data in the background without your knowledge.

You can also grant apps access to mobile data for 10 minutes or 30 minutes from a prompt that pops up when you launch an app. And there are rewards to be earned by installing promoted apps, but that’s only available to a couple of carriers in the Philippines.

Speaking of which, Google is presently testing Triangle in the Philippines, and so it’s only available to users there from the Play store. It is, however, available to sideload from APKMirror and it works like a charm even if you’re not in that country.

Care to try it yourself? Grab the installer APK from this page, and check out more info on Google Play.

[“Source-thenextweb”]

Sega Forever on Android and iOS Isn’t the Netflix of Retro Gaming

Sega Forever on Android and iOS Isn’t the Netflix of Retro Gaming

Sega Forever is the company’s attempt at bringing back its older games to modern devices, games that are synonymous with consoles such as the Sega Mega Drive (or Genesis as it was known in the US), Sega Master System, and of course, the Sega Dreamcast to name a few.

To kick this off, Sega has made classics like Comix Zone, Phantasy Star II, and Sonic the Hedgehog available on the App Store and Google Play. You can play them for free with ads and cloud saves, or simply pay a nominal fee of Rs. 160 ($1.99 in the US) to play them ad-free with support for local saves. Unfortunately, the free versions doesn’t support offline play.

While this initiative is called Sega Forever, typing that into the App Store or Google Play doesn’t take you to any app named ‘Sega Forever’. Instead you’ll see some of the aforementioned titles available for download as separate apps.

It’s here that the very idea of Sega Forever falls flat. You see, Sega is positioning this as the Netflix of retro gaming. On paper, this sounds cool. Unfortunately, the practicalities of this have yet to be ironed out. Netflix and Amazon Prime Video let you download or stream a host of content from those apps, but this is not the case with Sega Forever.

Sega Forever doesn’t have a subscription for classic games either either. Well, not for now at least, with Sega stating that it wants to use the smartphone as a gateway with ads to allow for some form of monetisation. It’s also eyeing the PC games space too and it might have a different revenue model.
This lack of consistency – intentional or otherwise – continues in the titles on offer. Firing up Sonic the Hedgehog, you’re smacked silly with nostalgia. From opening menus that have the game’s box art and cartridge, invoking a sense of simpler times, to the classic ‘Sega’ refrain when the logo pops up on screen, the company hasn’t shied away from its heritage or its fans.

But this isn’t the same across games. Comix Zone for example, doesn’t have the same attention to detail that Sonic the Hedgehog gets in terms of menus, though much like Phantasy Star II and other titles at launch, it does have visual references to the console they were all for – in this case the Sega Mega Drive – front and centre.

At the same time, these games have a mention of Sega Forever and other titles under the label in the first screen of the game itself – something that Sonic doesn’t have. The blue hedgehog might be Sega’s mascot, but you’d think that Sega would use his popularity to highlight the other games in the Sega Forever initiative too.

Every bit of what constitutes to Sega Forever is disorganised and scattered. Granted, Sega is doing what it can under the framework of current guidelines from the likes of Apple, but it makes us wonder if this is an earnest attempt to make and preserve classic titles available to a larger audience, or simply a quick money grab.

By launching on mobile the company gets access to more users, but not necessarily those with the capacity or inclination to pay. Rather, Sega Forever on iOS and Android has more potential to serve as an ad platform thanks to the sheer number of titles that can be offered from the Mega Drive and Master System libraries alone.

The real test of realising the idea that is the ‘Netflix of retro gaming’ will depend on Sega Forever’s execution on consoles and PC. With the potential for better aggregation and bundling, a unified achievement system, perhaps a trading card meta-game layer (on Steam), and pixel perfect reproduction minus ads, it could just be what the Sega faithful and newcomers need. Till then, you’re better off getting your retro fix elsewhere.

 
[“source-gadgets.ndtv”]

ISRO to Launch 31 Satellites on Friday, Including Cartosat-2

ISRO to Launch 31 Satellites on Friday, Including Cartosat-2

HIGHLIGHTS
India will launch 31 satellites with its PSLV rocket
Total weight of all the 31 satellites is about 955kg
Rocket will sling the satellites into a 505km polar sun sunchronous orbit
India on Friday will launch its earth observation satellite Cartosat-2 series weighing 712kg and 30 co-passenger satellites (29 foreign, one Indian) with its rocket Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV), the Indian space agency said on Tuesday.

According to Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), the PSLV rocket’s XL variant is expected to lift off on Friday morning at 9.29am from the Sriharikota rocket port.

The 30 satellites will together weigh 243kg and the total weight of all the 31 satellites, including Cartosat, is about 955kg, ISRO said.
The rocket will sling the satellites into a 505km polar sun sunchronous orbit (SSO).

The co-passenger satellites comprise 29 nano satellites from 14 countries – Austria, Belgium, Britain, Chile, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Lithuania, Slovakia, and the US as well as one Indian nano satellite.

The 29 international customer nano satellites are being launched as part of the commercial arrangements between ISRO’s commericial arm, the Antrix Corporation Ltd and the international customers.

[“Source-ndtv”]

NASA’s Opportunity Rover Spots Evidence of Ancient Lake on Mars

NASA's Opportunity Rover Spots Evidence of Ancient Lake on Mars

HIGHLIGHTS
The Opportunity rover found rocks at the edge of Endeavour Crater
The rocks were either transported by a flood or eroded in place by wind
The crater is about 22 kilometres across
NASA’s Opportunity Mars rover is examining the edge of a crater on the red planet that may once have been a lake of liquid water.

The Opportunity rover found rocks at the edge of Endeavour Crater that were either transported by a flood or eroded in place by wind.

The features were seen just outside the crater rim’s crest above Perseverance Valley, which is carved into the inner slope of the rim. Researchers plan to drive Opportunity down Perseverance Valley after completing a “walkabout” survey of the area above it.

The Opportunity mission has been investigating sites on and near the western rim of Endeavour Crater since 2011. The crater is about 22 kilometres across.

“The walkabout is designed to look at what’s just above Perseverance Valley,” said Ray Arvidson, from Washington University in St Louis.

“We see a pattern of striations running east-west outside the crest of the rim,” said Arvidson, Deputy Principal Investigator of the Opportunity mission.

A portion of the crest at the top of Perseverance Valley has a broad notch. Just west of that, elongated patches of rocks line the sides of a slightly depressed, east-west swath of ground, which might have been a drainage channel billions of years ago.

“We want to determine whether these are in-place rocks or transported rocks,” Arvidson said.

“One possibility is that this site was the end of a catchment where a lake was perched against the outside of the crater rim,” he said.
“A flood might have brought in the rocks, breached the rim and overflowed into the crater, carving the valley down the inner side of the rim,” he added.

“Another possibility is that the area was fractured by the impact that created Endeavour Crater, then rock dikes filled the fractures, and we’re seeing effects of wind erosion on those filled fractures,” Arvidson said.

In the hypothesis of a perched lake, the notch in the crest just above Perseverance Valley may have been a spillway.

Weighing against that hypothesis is an observation that the ground west of the crest slopes away, not toward the crater.

The science team is considering possible explanations for how the slope might have changed.

A variation of the impact-fracture hypothesis is that water rising from underground could have favoured the fractures as paths to the surface and contributed to weathering of the fracture-filling rocks.

The team is analysing images of Perseverance Valley, taken from the rim, to plot Opportunity’s route.

The valley extends down from the crest into the crater at a slope of about 15 to 17 degrees for a distance of about two football fields.

[“Source-ndtv”]

Complex 3-D data on all devices

Complex 3-D data on all devices

A new web-based software platform is swiftly bringing the visualization of 3-D data to every device, optimizing the use of, for example, virtual reality and augmented reality in industry. In this way, Fraunhofer researchers have brought the ideal of “any data on any device” a good deal closer.

If you want to be sure that the person you are sending documents and pictures to will be able to open them on their computer, then you send them in PDF and JPG format. But what do you do with 3-D content? “A standardized option hasn’t existed before now,” says Dr. Johannes Behr, head of the Visual Computing System Technologies department at the Fraunhofer Institute for Computer Graphics Research IGD. In particular, industry lacks a means of taking the very large, increasingly complex volumes of 3-D data that arise and rendering them useful – and of being able to use the data on every device, from smartphones to VR goggles. “The data volume is growing faster than the means of visualizing it,” reports Behr. Fraunhofer IGD is presenting a solution to this problem in the form of its “instant3DHub” software, which allows engineers, technicians and assemblers to use spatial design and assembly plans without any difficulty on their own devices. “This will enable them to inspect industrial plants or digital buildings, etc. in real time and find out what’s going on there,” explains Behr.

Software calculates only visible components

On account of the gigantic volumes of data that have to be processed, such an undertaking has thus far been either impossible or possible only with a tremendous amount of effort. After all, users had to manually choose in advance which data should be processed for the visualization, a task then executed by expensive special software. Not exactly a cost-effective method, and a time-consuming one as well. With the web-based Fraunhofer solution, every company can adapt the visualization tool to its requirements. The software autonomously selects the data to be prepared, by intelligently calculating, for example, that only views of visible parts are transmitted to the user’s device. Citing the example of a power plant, Behr explains: “Out of some 3.5 million components, only the approximately 3,000 visible parts are calculated on the server and transmitted to the device.”

Such visibility calculations are especially useful for VR and AR applications, as the objects being viewed at any given moment appear in the display in real time. At CeBIT, researchers will be showing how well this works, using the example of car maintenance. In a VR application, it is necessary to load up to 120 images per second onto data goggles. In this way, several thousand points of 3-D data can be transmitted from a central database for a vehicle model to a device in just one second. The process is so fast because the complete data does not have to be loaded to the device, as used to be the case, but is streamed over the web. A huge variety of 3-D web applications are delivered on the fly, without permanent storage, so that even mobile devices such as tablets and smartphones can make optimal use of them. One key feature of this process is that for every access to instant3DHub, the data is assigned to, prepared and visualized for the specific applications. “As a result, the system fulfills user- and device-specific requirements, and above all is secure,” says Behr. BMW, Daimler and Porsche already use instant3DHub at over 1,000 workstations. Even medium-sized companies such as SimScale and thinkproject have successfully implemented “instantreality” and instant3Dhub and are developing their own individual software solutions on that basis.

Augmented reality is a key technology for Industrie 4.0

Technologies that create a link between CAD data and the real production environment are also relevant for the domain of augmented reality. “Augmented reality is a key technology for Industrie 4.0, because it constantly compares the digital target situation in real time against the actual situation as captured by cameras and sensors,” adds Dr. Ulrich Bockholt, head of the Virtual and Augmented Reality department at Fraunhofer IGD. Ultimately, however, the solution is of interest to many sectors, he explains, even in the construction and architecture field, where it can be used to help visualize building information models on smartphones, tablet computers or data goggles.

 

[Source:- Phys.org]

 

 

Upcoming Windows 10 update reduces spying, but Microsoft is still mum on which data it specifically collects

Privacy-2-1024x812

There’s some good news for privacy-minded individuals who haven’t been fond of Microsoft’s data collection policy with Windows 10. When the upcoming Creators Update drops this spring, it will overhaul Microsoft’s data collection policies. Terry Myerson, executive vice president of Microsoft’s Windows and Devices Group, has published a blog post with a list of the changes Microsoft will be making.

First, Microsoft has launched a new web-based privacy dashboard with the goal of giving people an easy, one-stop location for controlling how much data Microsoft collects. Your privacy dashboard has sections for Browse, Search, Location, and Cortana’s Notebook, each covering a different category of data MS might have received from your hardware. Personally, I keep the Digital Assistant side of Cortana permanently deactivated and already set telemetry to minimal, but if you haven’t taken those steps you can adjust how much data Microsoft keeps from this page.

Second, Microsoft is condensing its telemetry options. Currently, there are four options — Security, Basic, Enhanced, and Full. Most consumers only have access to three of these settings — Basic, Enhanced, and Full. The fourth, security, is reserved for Windows 10 Enterprise or Windows 10 Education. Here’s how Microsoft describes each category:

Security: Information that’s required to help keep Windows, Windows Server, and System Center secure, including data about the Connected User Experience and Telemetry component settings, the Malicious Software Removal Tool, and Windows Defender.

Basic: Basic device info, including: quality-related data, app compatibility, app usage data, and data from the Security level.

Enhanced: Additional insights, including: how Windows, Windows Server, System Center, and apps are used, how they perform, advanced reliability data, and data from both the Basic and the Security levels.

Full: All data necessary to identify and help to fix problems, plus data from the Security, Basic, and Enhanced levels.

That’s the old system. Going forward, Microsoft is collapsing the number of telemetry levels to two. Here’s how Myerson describes the new “Basic” level:

[We’ve] further reduced the data collected at the Basic level. This includes data that is vital to the operation of Windows. We use this data to help keep Windows and apps secure, up-to-date, and running properly when you let Microsoft know the capabilities of your device, what is installed, and whether Windows is operating correctly. This option also includes basic error reporting back to Microsoft.

Windows 10 will also include an enhanced privacy section that will show during start-up and offer much better granularity over privacy settings. Currently, many of these controls are buried in various menus that you have to manually configure after installing the operating system.

It’s nice that Microsoft is cutting back on telemetry collection at the basic level. The problem is, as Stephen J Vaughn-Nichols writes, Microsoft is still collecting a creepy amount of information on “Full,” and it still defaults to sharing all this information with Cortana — which means Microsoft has data files on people it can be compelled to turn over by a warrant from an organization like the NSA or FBI. Given the recent expansion of the NSA’s powers, this information can now be shared with a variety of other agencies without filtering it first. And while Microsoft’s business model doesn’t directly depend on scraping and selling customer data the way Google does, the company is still gathering an unspecified amount of information. Full telemetry, for example, may “unintentionally include parts of a document you were using when a problem occurred.” Vaughn-Nichols isn’t thrilled about that idea, and neither am I.

The problem with Microsoft’s disclosure is it mostly doesn’t disclose. Even basic telemetry is described as “includes data that is vital to the operation of Windows.” Okay. But what does that mean?

I’m glad to see Microsoft taking steps towards restoring user privacy, but these are small steps that only modify policies around the edges. Until the company actually and meaningfully discloses what telemetry is collected under Basic settings and precisely what Full settings do and don’t send in the way of personally identifying information, the company isn’t explaining anything so much as it’s using vague terms and PR in place of a disclosure policy.

As I noted above, I’d recommend turning Cortana (the assistant) off. If you don’t want to do that, you should regularly review the information MS has collected about you and delete any items you don’t want to part of the company’s permanent record.

 

 

[Source:- Extremetech]